Minor Prophets Overview #145

[722-400 BC] Assyria, Babylon and Persia ruled the middle east. God used the first two to punish the Israelites and then Persia to allow their return to Jerusalem. Prophets during this period gave God’s message in 3 parts 1) the near term capture of Judea and then return to Jerusalem 2) the 1st coming of the Messiah, Jesus Christ and 3) the long term future–the tribulation, 2nd coming of Jesus Christ, the millennium and heaven for believers. Sometimes all 3 parts may be foretold in one passage of scripture. Since the 1st two parts have occurred we can be certain that the third will occur, preceded by the rapture of church age believers.

[722 BC] Israel- ten Northern tribes captured by Assyria and citizens assimilated with Assyrians. Their descendents were the Samaritans during time of Jesus.

[660 BC?] Assyria/Nineveh will be punished by Babylon Nahum 1: 7 The LORD is good, a strong refuge when trouble comes. He is close to those who trust in him. 8 But he will sweep away his enemies in an overwhelming flood. He will pursue his foes into the darkness of night. Tigris River flooded & destroyed enough of the 100 ft wall to allow Babylon army to enter & destroy Nineveh in 612 BC.

[626 BC] A Day of Reckoning coming soon Zephaniah 1: 12 It will come about at that time that I will search Jerusalem with lamps, and I will punish the men who are stagnant in spirit, who say in their hearts, ‘The Lord will not do good or evil!’ 13 Moreover, their wealth will become plunder and their houses desolate; yes, they will build houses but not inhabit them, and plant vineyards but not drink their wine.” 606-586 BC

Long term future Tribulation, 2nd Coming & Millennium (Rev. 19:11-20:15) Zephaniah 1: 15 A day of wrath is that day, a day of trouble and distress, a day of destruction and desolation, a day of darkness and gloom, a day of clouds and thick darkness, 18 all the earth will be devoured in the fire of His jealousy, for He will make a complete end, indeed a terrifying one, of all the inhabitants of the earth. Zephaniah 3: 9 “For then I will give to the peoples purified lips, That all of them may call on the name of the LORD, To serve Him shoulder to shoulder.

[609 BC] “Habakkuk” a dialogue between Habakkuk and God
Habakkuk said “God when are you going to do something about evil in Judah?” 1:1-4 God says “I am in control and you are not going to like what I plan to do, because I am going to use the evil Chaldeans/Babylonians to punish Judah” 1:5-11 Habakkuk said “But God, Why, Why, Why, never the less I will wait for you to speak to me?” 1:12-2:1
God said Trust Me now & future! “The righteous will live by faith.” [quoted 3 times in NT] 2:2-4
God pronounced 5 woes on those who reject or disobey Him. 2:5-19
Habakkuk’s responds with a prayer of faith! Habakkuk 3: 16 I heard and my inward parts trembled, At the sound my lips quivered. Decay enters my bones, And in my place I tremble. Because I must wait quietly for the day of distress, For the people to arise who will invade us. 17 Though the fig tree should not blossom And there be no fruit on the vines, Though the yield of the olive should fail And the fields produce no food, Though the flock should be cut off from the fold And there be no cattle in the stalls, 18 Yet I will exult in the LORD, I will rejoice in the God of my salvation.19 The Lord GOD is my strength,

[606-586 BC] Judea [Southern Kingdom of 2 tribes] and Jerusalem destroyed by Babylon and people transported to Babylon including Daniel and Ezekiel.

[590 BC] Reason for declaration of war against Edom Obadiah 1: 10 “Because of violence to your brother Jacob [Judah], You will be covered with shame, And you [Edom] will be cut off forever. 11 “On the day that you stood aloof, On the day that strangers carried off his wealth, And foreigners entered his gate And cast lots for Jerusalem— You too were as one of them. (Jacob and Esau-Judah descendents of Jacob and Edom descendents of Esau) All people of any nation who accept Jesus as the Son of God can live in hope and place of escape 1: 15 “For the day of the LORD draws near on all the nations. …17 “But on Mount Zion there will be those who escape, And it will be holy.

[536 BC] Persia defeated Babylon. Release of captives and restoration of temple ordered by King Cyrus. Zerubbabel & Joshua led group from Persia to Jerusalem, Construction on temple stopped in 535 BC

[520 BC] Prophets Haggai and Zechariah encouraged the people. King Darius found the order of King Cyrus and ordered the temple construction to continue. Temple complete-516 BC

[August 520 BC] Rebuild the temple Haggai 1: 12 Then Zerubbabel and Joshua, with all the remnant of the people, obeyed the voice of the LORD their God and the words of Haggai the prophet, as the LORD their God had sent him. And the people showed reverence for the LORD. 13 Then Haggai, the messenger of the LORD, spoke by the commission of the LORD to the people saying, “‘I am with you,’ declares the LORD.”

Long term future Haggai 2: 5 ‘As for the promise which I made you when you came out of Egypt, My Spirit is abiding in your midst; do not fear!’ 6 For thus says the LORD of hosts, ‘Once more in a little while, I am going to shake the heavens and the earth, the sea also and the dry land. 7 I will shake all the nations; and they will come with the wealth of all nations, and I will fill this house with glory,’ says the LORD of hosts. 9 ‘The latter glory of this house will be greater than the former,’ says the LORD of hosts, ‘and in this place I will give peace,’ declares the LORD of hosts.” 23 ‘On that day,’ declares the LORD of hosts, ‘

[October/November 520 BC] Promise of completion of Temple that was destroyed by Babylon 586 BC: Zechariah 4: 6 Then he said to me, “This is the word of the LORD to Zerubbabel saying, ‘Not by might nor by power, but by My Spirit,’ says the LORD of hosts. Temple completed 516 BC

Promise of 1st coming of Jesus Zechariah 9: 9 Rejoice greatly, O daughter of Zion! Shout in triumph, O daughter of Jerusalem! Behold, your king is coming to you; He is just [righteous] and endowed with salvation [victorious], Humble, and mounted on a donkey, Even on a colt, the foal of a donkey.

1/3 of Israelites during tribulation will believe in Jesus and be refined by fire Zechariah 13: 8 Declares the LORD, “That two parts in it will be cut off and perish; But the third will be left in it. 9 “And I will bring the third part through the fire, Refine them as silver is refined, And test them as gold is tested. They will call on My name, And I will answer them; I will say, ‘They are My people,’ And they will say, ‘The LORD is my God.

Believers from all nations enter Millennium Zechariah 14: 16 Then it will come about that any who are left of all the nations that went against Jerusalem will go up from year to year to worship the King, the LORD of hosts, and to celebrate the Feast of Booths.

[474 BC]
Esther risked her life to intervene for Jews with King Ahasuerus
[455 BC] Ezra led small group from Persia to Jerusalem
[445 BC] Nehemiah made first trip from Persia to Jerusalem

[430-400 BC?] True Love Malachi 1: 1 The oracle of the word of the LORD to Israel through Malachi. 2 “I have loved you,” says the LORD. But you say, “How have You loved us?”

False Worship Malachi 1: 6 “‘A son honors his father, and a servant his master. Then if I am a father, where is My honor? And if I am a master, where is My respect?’ says the LORD of hosts to you, O priests who despise My name. But you say, ‘How have we despised Your name?’

All Israelites were to be priests–Exodus 19:6 and you shall be to Me a kingdom of priests and a holy nation.’

But, Where are the Messengers of the Lord of Hosts? Malachi 2: 7 For the lips of a priest should preserve knowledge, and men should seek instruction from his mouth; for he is the messenger of the LORD of hosts. 8 But, as for you, you have turned aside from the way; you have caused many to stumble by the instruction; you have corrupted the covenant of Levi,” says the LORD of hosts. 9 “So I also have made you despised and abased before all the people, just as you are not keeping My ways but are showing partiality in the instruction.

All believers today are priests to proclaim Jesus 1 Peter 2:5 you also, as living stones, are being built up as a spiritual house for a holy priesthood, to offer up spiritual sacrifices acceptable to God through Jesus Christ. 9 But you are A CHOSEN RACE, A royal PRIESTHOOD, A HOLY NATION, A PEOPLE FOR God’s OWN POSSESSION, so that you may proclaim the excellencies of Him who has called you out of darkness into His marvelous light;—Matthew 28:19 “go making disciples”

God’s Messengers Malachi 3:1-5 1 “Behold, I am going to send My messenger, [John the Baptist] and he will clear the way before Me. And the Lord, whom you seek, will suddenly come to His temple; and the messenger of the covenant, in whom you delight, behold, He is coming,” [1st coming of Jesus] says the LORD of hosts. 2 “But who can endure the day of His coming? [2nd coming of Jesus]

God’s Record Malachi 3:16-18 16 Then those who feared the LORD spoke to one another, and the LORD gave attention and heard it, and a book of remembrance was written before Him for those who fear the LORD and who esteem His name.17 “They will be Mine,” says the LORD of hosts, “on the day that I prepare My own possession, and I will spare them as a man spares his own son who serves him.”

[400 BC- 27 AD] No prophet in Israel until John the Baptist

Henry Luke June 1, 2015

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