Summary/Application Exodus 11-13

 

  1. O God may I be obedient out of love for Jesus for what He did for me on the cross so that I could have the righteousness of God?.
  2. Father help me finish strong with: great anticipation for my future in heaven, sound judgment, sober spirit, alertness, love and keeping Your commandments.
  3. Father please give me your strength and power to glorify You in all I do.
  4. Heavenly Father I thank You for Jesus my Passover Lamb!
  5. Thank You Jesus for gift of salvation for me. Help me to abide in You every day.
  6. Scripture Memory Exodus 12:41 Exodus 12:41 And at the end of four hundred and thirty years, to the very day, all the hosts of the Lord went out from the land of Egypt.

Exodus 13:3 Moses said to the people, “Remember this day in which you went out from Egypt, from the house of slavery; for by a powerful hand the Lord brought you out of Egypt.

Henry Luke 9/23/2017

For other posts on Exodus 11-13 click on “Exodus 11-13” in tags below.

Advertisements
Posted in FBC Sunday School | Tagged , | 1 Comment

Do Muslims and Christians Worship the Same God?

Posted by Nabeel Qureshi on December 27, 2015 Read below or click here
Topic: Islam

The Wheaton Controversy

On December 15, 2015, Wheaton College, a flagship of evangelical educational institutions, placed one of its professors on administrative leave for “theological statements that seemed inconsistent with [their] doctrinal convictions.” Five days prior, donning a hijab and staking her position on a variety of controversial matters, Larycia Hawkins had stated on Facebook, “I stand in religious solidarity with Muslims because they, like me, a Christian, are people of the book. And as Pope Francis stated last week, we worship the same God.”

Wheaton’s decision to give Dr. Hawkins “more time to explore theological implications of her recent public statements” ignited a firestorm of controversy. One strong voice in the fray was that of the Chicago Tribune, which described Wheaton’s actions as “bigotry… disguised as theology.” This assessment was partially based on the input of Yale Professor Miroslav Volf, a theologian greatly respected for his contributions to Christian-Muslim dialogue, who said, “There isn’t any theological justification for Hawkins’s forced administrative leave. Her suspension is not about theology and orthodoxy. It is about enmity toward Muslims.” Such dialogue-stifling judgmentalism is shocking from a highly acclaimed Ivy League scholar, but it serves to illustrate the enormous tensions in Christian-Muslim relations during this time when the nation is pulled between the poles of Muslim refugees pouring into Staten Island and Muslim terrorists massacring innocents in San Bernardino.

Join us January 15-16, 2016 for an important conference on Islam

 

In the past week, I have received dozens of requests to provide my input on the matter, especially from those who are aware that I do not have “enmity toward Muslims.” As a former Muslim, I have many Muslim family members and friends that I spend time with regularly, and I often adjure Christians to consider gestures of solidarity with the hope that, somehow, this affection will trickle down to the Muslims I know and love. I have even recommended that Christian women consider wearing the hijab in certain circumstances, as well as counseled Christian men to consider fasting with their Muslim neighbors during the month of Ramadan, as long as it is clear these gestures are out of Christian love and not submission to Islam.

Do Muslims and Christians Worship the Same God?

With this desire for love in mind, I turn now to the question: Do Muslims and Christians worship the same God? Like all good questions, the answer is more complex than most want, but I am confident of my position: Muslims and Christians do not worship the same God, but given the complexity of the matter we all ought to stop demonizing those who disagree with us.

I should start by saying this: for years after leaving Islam and accepting Jesus as Lord, I believed that Muslims worshiped the same God as Christians but that they were simply wrong about what He is like and what He has done. After all, I had been taught as a young Muslim to worship the God who created Adam and Eve, who rescued Noah from the flood, who promised Abraham a vast progeny, who helped Moses escape Egypt, who made the Virgin Mary great with child, who sent Jesus into the world, who helped the disciples overcome, and who is still sovereign today. Is that not the God of the Bible?

For that matter, the Quran asserts that the Torah and the Gospel are inspired scripture and that Jews and Christians are people of the Book. The Quran tells Muslims to say to them, “our God and your God is One, and unto Him we surrender” (29.46). If the Quran asserts that Muslims worship the same God as Jews and Christians, does that not settle the matter?

For years I thought it did, but I no longer do. Now I believe that the phrase “Muslims and Christians worship the same God” is only true in a fairly uncontroversial sense: There is one Creator whom Muslims and Christians both attempt to worship. Apart from this banal observation, Muslims and Christians do not worship the same God. I do not condemn those that think they do, but the deeper I delve into the Christian faith, the more I realize that this assertion is not only untrue but also subverts Christian orthodoxy in favor of Islamic assertions.

Let’s start with the obvious: Christians believe Jesus is God, but the Quran is so opposed to this belief that it condemns Jesus worshipers to Hell (5.72). For Christians, Jesus is certainly God, and for Muslims Jesus is certainly not God. How can it be said that Christians and Muslims worship the same God? This fact alone is enough to settle the matter, but at the very least, no one should argue as Volf has that “there isn’t any theological justification” for believing Christians and Muslims worship different Gods. There certainly is, and it is the obvious position when we consider the person of Jesus.

Another difference between the Islamic God and the Christian God that is quite personal to me is his Fatherhood. According to Jesus, God is our Father, yet the Quran very specifically denies that Allah is a father (112.1-4). In fact, in 5.18, the Quran tells Muslims to rebuke Jews and Christians for calling God their loving Father because humans are just things that God has created.

The same is the case when we consider the doctrine of the Trinity. Islam roundly condemns worship of the Trinity (5.73), establishing in contrast its own core principle: Tawhid, the absolute oneness of God. Tawhid specifically denies the Trinity, so much so that it is safe to say the doctrine of God in Christianity is antithetical to the doctrine of God in Islam. Not just different but completely opposed to one another.

There is much more to be said about the differences between the Christian God and the Muslim God, but this much can already be said with confidence: the Christian God, both in terms of what he is (Triune) and who he is (Father, Son, and Spirit) is not just different from the Muslim God; He is fundamentally incompatible. According to Islam, worshiping the Christian God is not just wrong; it sends you to Hell. They are not the same God.

Why Do People Say Muslims and Christians Worship the Same God?

So how can people argue that Muslims and Christians worship the same God? By unduly giving priority to the Islamic assertion that this is the same God. The Quran says that Allah is the God of the Bible, so He must be. The Quran says that Allah is the God of the Biblical prophets, so He must be.

The Quran says that Muslims and Christians worship the same God, so it must be the same God. Ultimately, this is the reasoning of those who believe, as I once did, that Muslims and Christians worship the same God, and it is flawed.

The similarities between the God of Islam and the God of Christianity are fairly superficial, and at times simply semantic. Though Islam claims that the Muslim God has done some of the same things as the Christian God and sent some of the same people, that is not enough to say that Muslims worship the same God as Christians. These minor overlaps are far less essential to the reality of who God is than the fundamental differences of his nature and persons. What God has done or whom He has sent is far less of a defining characteristic than what He is and who He is; though Islam and Christianity overlap at points on the former, they differ fundamentally on the latter.

Volf’s challenge in response is that Christians believe they worship the same God as the Jews though the Jews do not worship the Trinity. How can Christians accuse Muslims of worshiping a different God without also indicting the Jews of doing the same? That would be inconsistent or hypocritical.

The response should be obvious to those who have studied the three Abrahamic faiths: the Trinity is an elaboration of Jewish theology, not a rejection. By contrast, Tawhid is a categorical rejection of the Trinity, Jesus’ deity, and the Fatherhood of God, doctrines that are grounded in the pages of the New Testament and firmly established centuries before the advent of Islam. Most of the earliest Christians were Jews, incorporating their encounter with Jesus into their Jewish theology. Nothing of the sort is true of Muhammad, who was neither a Jew nor a Christian. Islam did not elaborate on the Trinity but rejected and replaced it.

Additionally, Volf’s assumption that Jews did not worship something like the Trinity is unsubstantiated. Many Jews held their monotheism in tension with a belief in multiple divine persons. Though the term “Trinity” was coined in the second century, the underlying principles of this doctrine were hammered out on the anvil of pre-Christian Jewish belief. It was not until later, when Jews and Christians parted ways, that Jews insisted on a monadic God. The charge of Christian hypocrisy is anachronistic.

Conclusion

The question of whether Muslims and Christians worship the same God is complex. Wheaton made a respectable decision in giving Hawkins time off to consider the implications of her statement: she is allowing Islamic assertions to subvert the importance of essential doctrine. That said, one ought not fault her harshly for the mistake, as these issues are murky. What is dangerous is the path of Volf, accusing people of bigotry to shut down valid conversations. One can both love Muslims and insist that the God they worship is not the same as the Christian God.

Christians worship a Triune God: a Father who loves unconditionally, an incarnate Son who is willing to die for us so that we may be forgiven, and an immanent Holy Spirit who lives in us. This is not what the Muslim God is; it is not who the Muslim God is; and it is not what the Muslim God does. Truly, the Trinity is antithetical to Tawhid, fundamentally incompatible and only similar superficially and semantically. Muslims and Christians do not worship the same God.

Nabeel Qureshi is the New York Times best-selling author of Seeking Allah, Finding Jesus.

Henry Luke 9/22/2017

 

 

 

 

Posted in Discipleship Training, FBC Sunday School, One2Won Discipleship Training | Tagged , | Leave a comment

The Lamb from Abraham to Revelation- Exodus 11:1-13:16

The sacrificial lamb appears in the story of redemption from Abraham through Revelation.

2054BC  Abraham said, “God will provide for Himself the lamb for the burnt offering,”” A

1446BC Your lamb shall be an unblemished male a year old; 6kill it at twilight. 7 take some of the blood and put it on the two doorposts and on the lintel of the houses in which they eat it. 11 it is the Lord’s Passover. 13 The blood shall be a sign for you on the houses where you live; and when I see the blood I will pass over you, and no plague will befall you to destroy you when I strike the land of Egypt.” B

711BC Isaiah said “He was oppressed and He was afflicted, Yet He did not open His mouth; Like a lamb that is led to slaughter,” C

520BC Ezra said “The exiles observed the Passover on the fourteenth of the first month.” D

26Ad John the Baptist said “Behold, the Lamb of God who takes away the sin of the world!” E

30AD Jesus said; “You know that after two days the Passover is coming, and the Son of Man is to be handed over for crucifixion.” F G

64AD Peter said 18 knowing that you were not redeemed with perishable things like silver or gold…, 19 but with precious blood, as of a Lamb unblemished and spotless, the blood of Christ.” H

95AD Jesus told John Let us rejoice and be glad and give the glory to Him, for the marriage [supper] of the Lamb [Jesus] has come and His bride [the church] has made herself ready.”  I

Just as the blood of the Passover lamb covered the doorposts of the Israelites’ houses and saved them from God’s wrath on the Egyptians, so also the blood of Jesus Christ covers Disciples and saves us from God’s wrath on our sin. The attributes of God are revealed: holiness in His outpouring of wrath on Jesus as He bore our sins, mercy as Jesus was substituted to gain us right standing before God when we deserved only wrath, and grace as we are saved through faith.  Faith comes through hearing and hearing by the word of God.

 Notes: A- Genesis 22:8; B- Exodus 12:5-13; C- Isaiah 53:7; D- Ezra 6:19; E- John 1:29; F- Matthew 26:2; G- Mark 14:12; H- 1 Peter 1:18-19; I- Revelation 19:7

Henry Luke 9/22/2017

For other posts on Exodus 11-13 click on “Exodus 11-13” in tags below.

Posted in FBC Sunday School | Tagged , | Leave a comment

Nabeel Qureshi’s Hardest Decision, Shared by the Man Who Led Him to Christ

Nabeel Qureshi’s hardest decision, Shared by the the man who led him to Jesus, for video click here

Why this Muslim-turned-Christian speaker resonated with so many before his death at 34? For the Washington Post article click here

Nabeel Qureshi’s Wife Shares Secret to ‘Overwhelming Peace’ in Cancer Battle for article click here

For “Nabeel Quereshi funeral” video click here

For “Why Muslim Nabeel Quereshi converted to Christianity” click here

“Do Christians and Mulims worship the same God debate” for article click here  and for video click here

Place in Google Search “Nabeel Quershi debates and sermons” for more material. For Google search click here

Henry Luke 9/21/2017

Posted in Discipleship Training, One2Won Discipleship Training | Tagged , , , | 1 Comment

Redemption by the powerful hand of God- Exodus 13:1-16

Exodus 13:3b, 9c, 14c, 16b “with a powerful hand the Lord brought you out of Egypt.”

Moses repeated the instructions of God that every year the people were to celebrate deliverance from Egypt. It is celebrated beginning the day after Passover with a holy assembly on deliverance day and continuing for seven days.  For 3,463 years the Jews have celebrated this Feast of Unleavened Bread. By comparison the U.S. has been celebrating Independence Day only 241 years [1976-2017].

Moses said to the people, “Remember this day in which you went out from Egypt, from the house of slavery; for by a powerful hand the Lord brought you out of Egypt.” A

The passage is clear in the [1] day to be celebrated, [2] the reason was deliverance from slavery in Egypt, and [3] how–by a powerful hand of the Lord. This last phrase occurs 4 times in this chapter as noted above. The Lord had said before it occurred “The Egyptians shall know that I am the LORD, when I stretch out My hand on Egypt and bring out the sons of Israel from their midst.”  B  The feast is to be constant reminder to the Israelites and us of His powerful hand. Jeremiah said,  “You made the heavens and the earth by Your great power…! Nothing is too difficult for You,” C and the angel said to Mary, For nothing will be impossible with God.” D

While as Disciples we don’t celebrate the Feast of Unleavened Bread every year, a focus on God’s glory is good. Just like Israel, we have been redeemed by the powerful hand of the Lord. And just like Israel celebrates their deliverance on an annual basis, we should remember the cross and our salvation on a daily basis.

Take some time today to call out to the Lord in thanksgiving for His great gift of salvation–costly to Him, but free to us! His powerful hand is also available to all Disciples who abide in Jesus. E

Thank You Jesus for gift of salvation for me. Help me to abide in You every day.

Notes: A- Exodus 13:3; B- Exodus 7:5; C- Jeremiah 32:17; D- Luke 1:37; E- John 15:5-10 ;

Henry Luke 9/21/2017

For other posts on Exodus 11-13 click on “Exodus 11-13” in tags below.

Posted in FBC Sunday School | Tagged , | Leave a comment

 “Harden, hardened, stubborn” in Exodus

Click for Harden or similiar words in Exodus . For “Hardness of Heart ” from ICR click here. For Scofield Reference notes for Exodus 4:21click here. For Chart of 10 Plagues click here.

Henry Luke 9/20/2017

For other posts on Exodus  click on “Exodus” in tags below.

Posted in FBC Sunday School | Tagged , , , | Leave a comment

The last plague and triumphant exit—Exodus 12:29-50

Exodus 12:41 And at the end of four hundred and thirty years, to the very day, all the hosts of the Lord went out from the land of Egypt.

As the Lord said through Moses, at midnight while the Israelites waited in their homes until morning all the Egyptian firstborn died. There was a great cry among the people and Pharaoh told Moses take the Israelites and go worship the Lord. The Egyptian people said leave in haste.

Then a remarkable fulfillment of prophecy occurred when the Egyptians gave them gold, silver, clothing, etc. “and the Lord had given the people favor in the sight of the Egyptians,… Thus they plundered the Egyptians” A About 600,000 men and women and children left Egypt that day in an orderly fashion. I believe that represented at least 2.5 million total.

Then comes the climatic statement all the hosts of the Lord went out from the land of Egypt.” C  After ten plagues Egypt was devastated and at God’s appointed time the Israelites left Egypt in triumph with the wealth of Egypt. This gives me great joy to think of the power of God exhibited in this series of circumstances over 430 years. God protected his people even in great suffering as they grew from 75 people to a great nation of 2.5 million. They were now one more step along the way to the Promised Land.

What does this mean for me almost 2,000 years after the resurrection and ascension of Jesus? Jesus became sin and died on the cross so that believing in Him I can have the righteousness of God. I am assured that just as the Israelites were delivered, I am a child of God certain of eternity in heaven with Jesus. Meantime I am here with the opportunity to finish strong for Him no matter the circumstances.

Father please give me your strength and power to glorify You in all I do.

Notes: A- Exodus 12:36; Genesis 15:13-14 ; B- not used;

C- Exodus 12:41  four hundred and thirty years. This 430 years of “sojourning” in Egypt (Exodus 12:40) seems to conflict with the statement by God to Abraham that his seed would be a stranger in a land that would “afflict them four hundred years” (Genesis 15:13) and the statement by Stephen to the same effect (Acts 7:6). These numbers are not just round numbers (note the stress here on “the selfsame day”). Varied interpretations have been offered for the discrepancy of the thirty years, but the most obvious seems the inference that the first thirty years in Egypt (seventeen years before Jacob died, thirteen years after his death) were years of favor under Pharaoh, but when the new king arose “which knew not Joseph” (Exodus 1:8), then the Israelites were soon resented and persecuted, and eventually enslaved, remaining in such disfavor for exactly four hundred years.” Click here for source and add scripture reference. This source is free with many valuable comments by Dr. Henry Morris.

Henry Luke 9/20/2017

For other posts on Exodus 11-13 click on “Exodus 11-13” in tags below.

Posted in FBC Sunday School | Tagged , , , | Leave a comment